An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae (facsimile)
Hist. Coll. WC588 J54 1923
Milan: R. Lier and Co.
In this volume, Edward Jenner (1749-1823) gives his pioneering description of ‘vaccination.’ It was well known that milk-maids commonly developed sores of cowpox on their hands; a mild variant of smallpox. As a result, they never contracted smallpox with its usual disfiguring facial scarring. Jenner reasoned that the women had developed cross-immunity. He therefore took pus from the hand of Sarah Nelmes (in this image) and injected it into James Phipps, an eight-year old boy. To prove his theory, Jenner later infected Phipps with smallpox pus. He remained well. Interestingly, ‘vacca’ means ‘cow’ in Latin.
Edward Jenner, “An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae (facsimile),” ourheritage.ac.nz | OUR Heritage, accessed November 13, 2019, http://otago.ourheritage.ac.nz/items/show/11041.
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