Tui or Parson Bird Prosthemadera Novae Zealandiae. From: 'A history of the birds of New Zealand' by Walter Lawry Buller
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An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae (facsimile)

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Date

1923

Identifier

Hist. Coll. WC588 J54 1923

Publisher

Milan: R. Lier and Co.

Abstract

In this volume, Edward Jenner (1749-1823) gives his pioneering description of ‘vaccination.’ It was well known that milk-maids commonly developed sores of cowpox on their hands; a mild variant of smallpox. As a result, they never contracted smallpox with its usual disfiguring facial scarring. Jenner reasoned that the women had developed cross-immunity. He therefore took pus from the hand of Sarah Nelmes (in this image) and injected it into James Phipps, an eight-year old boy. To prove his theory, Jenner later infected Phipps with smallpox pus. He remained well. Interestingly, ‘vacca’ means ‘cow’ in Latin.

Citation

Edward Jenner, “An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae (facsimile),” ourheritage.ac.nz | OUR Heritage, accessed July 22, 2019, http://otago.ourheritage.ac.nz/items/show/11041.

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