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Special Collections PQ 2601 P6 A24 1995
Brighton: Snake River Press
Guillaume Apollinaire (1880–1918), the early 20th century French poet famously credited with coining the terms ‘cubism’ and ‘surrealism’, created Calligrammes (1918), a series of poems that incorporated words, letters and phrases into complex visual collages, like concrete poetry. Subtitled ‘Poems of Peace and War 1913-1916’, many of them – like his ‘Letter to André Billy, 9th April 1915’ - reflected his experiences while an infantryman during WWI. ‘Harden Old Heart’ was not published in his lifetime. The poet who wrote ‘I love art so much, I have joined the artillery’ died on 9 November 1918, the day the Armistice ending the War was announced.
Guillaume Apollinaire, “Selected Poems,” ourheritage.ac.nz | OUR Heritage, accessed March 23, 2019, http://otago.ourheritage.ac.nz/items/show/10624.
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